The Bicol Region
(Filipino language Kabikulan ; [[Spanish language in the Philippines|Spanish]]:
icolandia) is one of the 17 [[Regions of the Philippines|Regions]] of the [[Philippines]], designated as
egion V. Bicol (also spelled Bikol
) is composed of four Provinces of the Philippines
in the Bicol Peninsula
the southeastern end of Luzon
island, and two island-provinces adjacent to the peninsula.
The regional centre is considered to be in Legazpi, Albay Albay
[http://dilgbicol.org/directory/dilg-regional-office.html "DILG Regional Office No. 5 Directory"]. Bicol Region Official Website - DILG. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.] [http://bicol.da.gov.ph/Statistics/regional_profile.html]
The Bicol Region is located in the southernmost tip of Luzon Island
the largest island in the Philippine archipelago. The total land area of the region is
[The total land area is derived from the summation of provincial areas from the table below]
which or 5.9% of the total land area of the country. Around 69.3% of the total land area is alienable and disposable while the remaining 30.7% is public forest areas.
[http://bicol.da.gov.ph/Statistics/regional_profile.html "Overview of Bicol Region"]. Department of Agriculture Web Site. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.]
The region is bounded by Lamon Bay
to the north, Pacific Ocean
to the east, and Sibuyan Sea
and Ragay Gulf
to the west. The northernmost province, Camarines Norte
is bordered to the north by the province of Quezon (province)
thereby connecting the region to the rest of Luzon.
s archaeology shows concrete evidence of trade with China Malay Peninsula
going back two thousand years. The first Spain
contact was in 1565, when a treasure-galleon returning to Cebu
from Acapulco, Mexico, was swept off course and the captain recorded his awe at the sight of Mt. Mayon Volcano
The people of the Bicol region, called Bicolanos, speak any of the several languages of the Bikol sociolinguistic language
also called Bikolano, an Austronesian language closely related to other Central Philippine languages such as Cebuano language
and Tagalog (language)
Bicol languages include the Inland Bikol of Bikol-Rinconada (Rinconada area), Bikol-Cam. Sur (Buhi, Cam. Sur; Libon, Oas, Daraga, Albay and Donsol, Sorsogon), Bikol-Pandan (Northern Catanduanes). Standard Bikol is based from the coastal Bikol language of the dialect of Legazpi City and is understood widely throughout the region even though they cannot speak it fluently.
Bikol is the dominant language of the region. The Filipino language (Tagalog) is also spoken in northern parts of Camarines Norte as well as in the municipality of Del Gallego, Camarines Sur. Two Visayan languages, Sorsoganon and Masbateño language
or Minasbate, are spoken in Masbate and Sorsogon; they are collectively referred to as Bisakol.
File Our Lady of Peñafrancia.jpg
The region retains Roman Catholicism
as the overwhelming religion
of the great majority. The Catholic religion has the highest number of followers than any other area in the Philippines.
of saints) are annual celebrations of parish
s, from a simple barrio fiesta honoring a patron associated for good harvest, to a town fiesta honoring a miraculous saint, a Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi
fiesta like the feast of Our Lady of Salvation
or a regional one such as the Our Lady of Peñafrancia
Fiesta, a week-long celebration to honor the Virgin Mary
dubbed as the "Patroness of Bicolandia". It is widely acknowledged that in Luzon, it is Bicol Region that holds the most number of men entering the seminary
for Priesthood (Catholic Church)
or women entering the religious life to become Nun Catholic
Image Ph bicol.png
The region is composed of six provinces: Albay Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Sorsogon
and the island-provinces of Catanduanes
It has one Cities of the Philippines Naga City, Camarines Sur
and six Cities of the Philippines
— Iriga City Legazpi City Ligao City Masbate City Sorsogon City
and Tabaco City
Masbate City and Sorsogon City are cities in their namesake
As of 2010, Camarines Sur
is the largest province in area and population, occupying or around 30.4% of the total land area with a population of 1,822,371. Catanduanes
is the smallest in area as well as population with only or 8.4% of the total regional area and a population of 246,300.
The political and administrative center of the region is Legazpi City.
while the religious center is Naga City
— which is also colloquially known as the Queen City of Bicol.
! colspan3 | Provinces
! No. of Cities of the Philippines
! No. of Municipalities of the Philippines
! No. of Barangays
! Provinces of the Philippines Classification
[http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/regview.asp?region05 "Bicol Region"]. Philippine Standard Geographic Code. Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
[http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/2010/2010CPH_reg5.pdf "2010 Census of Population and Housing - Region 5"]. National Statistics Office, Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
! ZIP Code
|Image Vlag Fil Albay.gif
[http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile__Albay_Province.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Albay"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
|Image Vlag Fil CamarinesNorte.gif
|2,320.07 [http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile_Camarines_Norte_Province.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Camarines Norte"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
|Image Vlag Fil CamarinesSur.gif
|Pili, Camarines Sur
|5,481.60 [http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile_Camarines_Sur_Province.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Camarines Sur"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
|Luis Miguel Villafuerte III
|Image Vlag Fil Catanduanes.gif
|1,511.50 [http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile_catanduanes_Catanduanes.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Catanduanes"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
|Image Vlag Fil Masbate.gif
|4,047.07 [http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile_masbate_Masbate.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Masbate"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
|Rizalina L. Seachon-Lañete
|Image Vlag Fil Sorsogon.gif
|2,141.45 [http://dilgbicol.org/attachments/LGU_Profile_Sorsogon_Province.pdf "Basic Facts and Figures - Sorsogon"]. Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines)/ Retrieved on 2012-05-11.]
Bicol region is volcanic in origin and part of the Pacific Ring of Fire Known as the Bicol Volcanic Arc or Chain, the volcanoes are the results of the Philippine Sea Plate subduction under the Philippine Mobile Belt along the Philippine Trench Volcanism is evident by the number of hot springs crater lake , and volcano s that dot the region starting from Mount Labo in Camarines Norte to the Gate Mountains in Matnog, Sorsogon
[McDermott, Delfin, Defant, et al (2005). http://www.ucd.ie/geology/prg/publications%20pdf/mcdermott%20et%20al%202005%20contrib%20mineral%20petrol.pdf "The Petrogenesis of Volcanics from Mt Bulusan and Mt. Mayon in the Bicol Arc, Philippines"]. University College Dublin School of Geologic Sciences. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.] Mayon Volcano is the most prominent of the volcanoes in the region, famous for its almost perfect conical shape and for being the most active in the Philippines. Its eruptions have repeatedly inflicted disasters on the region, but during lulls in activity, it is a particularly beautiful mountain. The southernmost tip of the peninsula is dominated by Bulusan Volcano the other active volcano in the region. Tiwi, Albay in Albay and the Bacon, Sorsogon Manito, Albay area between Sorsogon and Albay are the sites of two major geothermal energy that contribute substantially to the Luzon Power Grid. [http://www.energy.com.ph/our-projects/geothermal/ "Our Geothermal Projects"]. Energy Development Corporation. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.] [(2009-01-20). http://www.jcmiras.net/jcm2/p91.htm "The Tiwi Geothermal Plant"]. JCMiras.net Gallery. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.]
Volcanoes of the Bicol Region
From North to South
| File Philippines 2006 338.jpg
| [[Mount Isarog]] is a fumarolic volcano with a wide crater breached to the east.
[lt;/ref> The mountain and vicinity covering is a protected area in the Bicol Region under the name Mount Isarog Natural Park] [http://www.pawb.gov.ph/index.php?optioncom_content&viewarticle&id65:region-5&catid69:regions "Protected areas of Region 5"]. Bureau of Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.]
| File Mount Iriga.jpg
| [[Mount Iriga]] is a volcano with a large horseshoe-shaped collapsed crater located adjacent to Lake Buhi (foreground). [lt;/ref>
| File Mount Malinao.jpg
| [[Mount Malinao]] is a volcano with a large crater about at its widest, which is breached to the east, The geothermal fields of Tiwi are located on its lower eastern slope.] [lt;/ref>
| File Masaraga.jpg
| [[Mount Masaraga]] is a sharp-topped Holocene volcano NW of Mayon.] [lt;/ref>
| File Mayon 0006.jpg
| [[Mayon Volcano]] the highest at is also the most popular in the region for its beautifully symmetrical cone. It is also the most active in the country.] [lt;/ref> The volcano is one of the protected areas of Region V under the name Mayon Volcano Natural Parkencompassing ]
| File Pocdolberge.jpg
| [[Pocdol Mountains]] with its highest elevation at is a fumarolic group of volcanoes situated between Albay and Sorsogon provinces. It is the location of the Bac-Man Geothermal Power Plant and the PNOC Eco-Park, a ecotourism park maintained and protected by the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC). [lt;/ref>] [Jamoralin, Reynaldo T.. http://www.sorsogontourism.com/places_of_interest.htm "Places of Interest"]. Sorsogon Tourism. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.]
| File Mt-Bulusan.jpg
| [[Bulusan Volcano]] the other active volcano of the region, has an altitude of It is located on the remains of the Irosin Caldera. [lt;/ref> The volcano is a protected area and the centerpiece of the Bulusan Volcano Natural Park]
Bicol Region has a large amount of rich flat land, and agriculture is the largest component of the economy with close to 50% depending their livelihood on the industry. Coconut , abaca banana coffee and jackfruit are the top five permanent crops in the region. Rice and maize are among the chief seasonal crops of the region. Commercial fishing is also important with thirteen major fishing grounds supplying fish markets in places as far as Metro Manila Agriculture and fishing are the major factors in the provinces economy.
[http://bicol.da.gov.ph/Statistics/top5_crops.html "Top 5 Permanent Crops, Region V"]. Department of Agriculture, Region V. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.]
Mining is also one of the contributors to the regions economy. Several handicraft , jewelry manufacturing, other small-scale industries and manufacturing enterprises that is located in Camarines Norte bolster rural and regional incomes.
Legazpi City boasts its tourism and businesses as the city helps improve the economy. The city also gives a large percentage, 20.5% in the over-all economy of Bicol. The city is the location of the Legazpi City International Seaport which generously gives the largest percentage in the citys economy also the entire region.The city is also the Educational Center of Bicol after the Bicol University Belt had been organized here.
Sorsogon City and Sorsogon has greatly contributed to the eco-tourism of the region. The areas known to have been most popular in the place which offer beaches are the Subic Beach in Matnog, Dancalan Beach in Bulusan and the Paguriran Island in Sorsogon City. Also, in Donsol, Sorsogon, it has been a center for the Butanding or Whale Shark exposure tours. The province also produces mass numbers of Pili, a native fruit to have brought many functions.
File Butanding Whale Shark (Donsol, Sorsogon) (794278440).jpg ]
The region has recently seen a revival in its Tourism in the Philippines due to the popularity of Mayon Volcano, the new CamSur Water Sports Complex whale shark spotting, among others, which consequently increased the number of upscale resorts.
Owing to its location, Region V offers plenty of choices for visitors — beautiful natural features like beaches, mountains and waterfalls with lush vegetation. Activities include scuba diving to wrecked galleons spelunking and mountaineering or visits to man-made attractions like church architecture from the History of the Philippines (1521-1898) etc.
The Municipalities of the Philippines of Daet and Catanduanes province have long been destinations for surfers.
[http://www.philippines-travel-guide.com/catanduanes-surfing.html "Catanduanes surfing"]. Philippines Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.] The opening of the Southern Luzon International Airport in Legazpi City, which is under construction, is hoped to further boost tourism in the region.
The Bicol Region is the main media hub for both the region and the island of Mindanao. It is the home to many media outlets for both the million-nighttime and the 4-million daytime population of the city. Large media networks such as ABS-CBN GMA Network, Inc. ABC Development Corporation People's Television Network and Radio Philippines Network maintain their respective local stations and branches for viewership, commercial and news coverage purposes. Most of these stations broadcast local news and public affairs as well as entertainment and dramas to cater the local viewers.
Cable television operators are putting up cable TV stations in an effort to spread the TV signals all over the region. They also offer free worldwide array of television stations for various channels for news, sports, drama, cartoons, and advertisements.
* ABS-CBN Channel 11 (Naga, Camarines Sur , Channel 4 (Legazpi, Albay , Channel 23 (Daet and Channel 7 (Sorsogon and (Virac, Catanduanes
* Studio 23 Channel 23
* ETC Entertainment Central Channel 9
* TV5 (Philippines) Channel 5
* AksyonTV Channel 41
* GMA Network Channel 7
* GMA News TV Channel 11
* Cartoon Network (Philippines) Channel 43
* TV Patrol Bicol - ABS-CBN (Channel 11 Naga, Camarines Sur Channel 4 Legazpi, Albay Channel 23 Daet and Channel 7 Sorsogon and Virac, Catanduanes
* Baretang Bikol - (GMA TV-7 Naga)
Also, Miss Universe 4th runner up, Maria Venus Bayanito Raj lives in bicol reigion.Raj placed 3rd and 4th in the swimsuit and evening gown respectively.
* http://dilgbicol.org/ Bicol Region Official Website, Department of Interior and Local Government]
* http://www.wowbicol.com Department of Tourism at Wow Bicol]
* http://www.cp2pc.site90.com/bicol_radio.html Bicolano Radio Stations Online]
* http://www.philippinefiestas.com/bicol-festivals-festivals-in-the-bicol-region-for-the-whole-year/ List of Bicol Region Festivals & Fiestas]
* http://www.bicol.com.ph List of Places to stay and visit in Bicol]
Category Bicol Region
Category Regions of the Philippines